Plagiarism Policy

The editorial board actively engages in efforts to prevent scholarly as well as professional plagiarism, and the journal undertakes the Similarity Check procedure before the peer-review process. The journal uses Crossref Similarity Check powered by iThenticate to check for duplication and attribution in the submitted manuscripts. Submissions containing suspected plagiarism shall be rejected.

If plagiarism is discovered after publication, we will follow our guidance outlined in the Publication Ethics policy.

We expect our readers, reviewers and editors to raise and share any suspicions of plagiarism by emailing