GIS-based Spatial Assessment of Post COVID Water Quality Status of Turag River for Water Resource Conservation in Bangladesh
Keywords:Water quality index, COVID, Environment, GIS, Pollution, spatial variation
The COVID-19 pandemic has had enormous effects on human life and the environment, particularly freshwater ecosystems, on a global scale. Despite its numerous effects, the pandemic has improved the quality of the environment, allowing devastated ecosystems to recover. During the COVID lockdown period, many researchers observed positive amendments in environmental quality in various parts of the world. Due to increased industrialization and urbanization over the past several decades, Dhaka's peripheral rivers have grown highly polluted. In this study, an attempt was made to illustrate the post-covid surface water quality scenario of Bangladesh's hihgly contaminated Turag River. Therefore, for the first time, a GIS-based spatial analysis of water quality index was used to endeavor to quantify 16 water quality parameters (pH, EC, temperature, turbidity, salinity, TDS, DO, Na+, K+ Ca2+, Mg2+ Cl-, Cu, Pb, Fe, and Cd) in the river Turag. Thus, it could serve as a reference work for future researches in Bangladesh. After calculating the WQI for the collected samples, it was determined that the water quality status at all sampling stations was extremely poor because each WQI was greater than 100. Using the Kriging method of interpolation, the encroaching WQS were predicted and visually represented using GIS maps. The findings of this study are particularly concerning, as all recorded WQS samples surpassed the standard limits. Based on these findings, we urged for the rapid deployment of proper water management practices and policies in order to safeguard and manage the water resources.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Mirza Md Tasnim Mukarram, Quazi Umme Rukiya, Mirza Md Tahsin Mukarram, Anutosh Das
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.