The Effect of Fishbowl Technique on Pupils' Literary Awareness

Authors

  • Prof. Israa Department of English, College of Education for Women, University of Tikrit, Iraq
  • Ms. Ghaidaa Department of English, College of Education for Women, University of Tikrit, Iraq
  • Asst. Prof. Muthana Department of English, College of Education for Women, University of Tikrit, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.59110/aplikatif.v3i1.341

Keywords:

Effect, Fishbowl technique, Literary Awareness

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of Fishbowl Technique on EFL Iraqi preparatory pupils’ literary awareness. This study hypothesizes that there is no significant difference in the level of literary awareness between the experimental and control groups. The study uses a Non-Randomized Experimental Group Design and includes a sample of 60 students from the fifth scientific stage at Al-Hikma School for Girls in Al-Alam town in Saladdin, Iraq. Thirty students are in the experimental group Section A and thirty students are in the control group Section B. The study took place over a two-month period, with the researcher instructing two groups of pupils during the academic year 2024-2023. Various statistical methods, including weighted mean and percentile mean, were utilized to assess the pupils' awareness. The analysis of the data showed that teaching pupils using the Fishbowl technique was effective in improving their literary awareness. The findings led to conclusions, recommendations, and suggestions for future research.

References

Al-Shinawa, S & Al-Kadhim, M. (2021). The Effect of the Fishbowl Strategy on the Achievement and Retention of Fourth-Grade Female Students in History. Ahl al-Bayt Magazine, Vol.12 No.13, 2610-2621.

Baldick, C. (2001). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Brozo, B. (2007). Fishbowl Discussion. Retrieved on February 8, 2018 from: http://pd-metwork.com/lessons/Fishbowl_Discussions.pdf

Collie, J. & Slater, S. (1993). Short Stories for Creative Language Classrooms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dyson, B., & Casey, A. (2016). Cooperative Learning in Physical Education and Physical Activity: A Practical Introduction. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Garrison, K. & Munday, N. K. (2012). Toward authentic dialogue:origins of the fishbowl method and implications for writing center work. Praxis: A Writing Center Journal. 9(1), 2-8. doi:10.15781/T2DJ58Z5G.

Gillies, R. (2020). An Introduction to Cooperative Learning. The Education Hub.

Hendrichova, N. (2012). Developing Oral Skills with Cooperative Learning in EFL Classes. Retrieved on 3rd January 2013. http://tenntlc.utk.edu/files/2011/10/fishbowl-technique.pdf

Johnson D. W. & Johnson R. T. (1989). Cooperation and Competition: Theory and Research. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company.

Johnson D. W. & Johnson R. T. (1999). Learning Together and Alone: Cooperative, Competitive, and Individualistic Learning. 5th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Johnson D. W., Johnson R. T. & Holubec E. J. (2013). Cooperation in the Classroom. 9th ed. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company.

Rahma, D. (2015). The Fishbowl Method to Improve the Students’ Speaking Skill (An Experimental Study in Ninth Grade of SMPN 2 AMBARAWA (Unpublished Thesis) Skripsi: STAIN Salatiga.

Rahmi, I. & Beniario, H. (2018) The Effectiveness of ESA (Engage, Study, Activate) Element on Reading Comprehension of Report Text at X Grade. MA. KM. Muhammadiyah. Padang Panjang: 3rd International Conference on Education, Teachers in the Digital Age, 159-168.

Rainsford, D. (2014). Studying Literature in English: An Introduction. Routledge.

Rose, H., & Mckinley, J. (2020). The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in Applied Linguistics. Taylor and Francis.

Saraç, S. (2003). A Suggested Syllabus for the Teaching of Poetry Course in ELT Departments of Turkey. Unpublished M.A Thesis. Ankara: Hacettepe University.

Taylor, B., D. & Karen D. W. (2007). Fostering Engaging and Active Discussion in Middle School Classrooms. Middle School Journal. Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 54-59.

Downloads

Published

18-06-2024

How to Cite

Abdurrahman, I. B., Ahmed Jasim, G. A. J., & Mohammed Badie, M. . (2024). The Effect of Fishbowl Technique on Pupils’ Literary Awareness . APLIKATIF: Journal of Research Trends in Social Sciences and Humanities, 3(1), 63–72. https://doi.org/10.59110/aplikatif.v3i1.341
| Abstract views: 57 / PDF downloads: 27